Fundamental analysis

Euro sadness is growing: macro data makes you sad. And the dollar is no stranger to: either retreat, or win

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The US currency has once again bypassed the European one, which is seriously puzzled by a new batch of news about inflation. At the same time, the dollar draws confidence in the Federal Reserve’s actions, which allows the completion of the current cycle of rate hikes.

The greenback significantly strengthened at the beginning of this week, restoring some of the positions lost over the past month. This was largely facilitated by the expectation of another interest rate hike from the Fed, whose two-day meeting is scheduled for November 1-2. According to preliminary calculations, on Wednesday, November 2, the central bank will raise the key rate by 75 bps, to 3.75-4.00%. This will be the fourth step on the Fed’s part in raising rates.

However, many analysts and market participants doubt the continuation of the Fed’s harsh rhetoric. According to experts, after the fourth rate hike by 75 bps, the central bank will take a less aggressive position on this issue. Michael Wilson, currency strategist at Morgan Stanley, is sure of this. He believes that the Fed’s rate hike cycle is nearing completion. In support of his words, Wilson cites the inversion of the yield curve of ten-year and three-month US Treasury bonds. Recall that this is one of the key indicators indicating the need for a reversal of the central bank’s tight monetary policy to a softer one.

However, some experts do not share the optimism of the Morgan Stanley representative. Currency strategists at UBS Global Wealth Management are confident that a reversal in the Fed’s policy is unlikely, since the inflation rate in the US remains high. Against this background, the central bank will have to raise the rate until inflation recedes, the bank emphasizes.

The current situation puts pressure on the dollar, which, despite the current tension, is gradually strengthening. Against this background, the EUR/USD pair has been declining for the third consecutive day, continuing to struggle with the pull of the downward trend. On the morning of Tuesday, November 1, the EUR/USD pair was cruising near 0.9911. This is a difficult situation for the euro since it has to resist negative macro data.

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Recall that reports on inflation in the eurozone were published on the evening of Monday, October 31, which again demonstrated its sharp rise. As a result, the inflation rate in the region soared to a new historical high, and the euro bloc economy lost its growth momentum. According to analysts, consumer prices in the EU rose by 10.7% in October 2022 compared to October 2021, exceeding forecasts. In the third quarter of this year, the volume of production in the eurozone decreased to 0.2% compared to the same period last year.

According to experts, the current situation is aggravated by a sharp increase in the European Central Bank’s interest rates. At the same time, many analysts believe that the central bank should continue to actively fight inflation, which includes raising rates. It is possible that after the recent rate hike, the ECB will raise it again by 75 bps at the next meeting, which is scheduled for December 15. However, such a scenario is still in question, as well as a possible pause in the process of raising rates by the Fed.

Some analysts do not expect dovish decisions from the US central bank, although the current situation requires revision. According to experts, the aggressive tightening of the monetary policy contributes to the early onset of a recession in the United States, as well as a large-scale drop in treasury state bonds and stocks over the past few years. Take note that as rates rose and the economic downturn that followed the tightening of the monetary policy, the markets were gripped by a crisis. It was followed by an increase in the number of defaults, which seriously hit investors. In the current situation, the leading central banks will have to solve the issues that provoked such problems.

The current situation significantly affected the dynamics of the EUR/USD pair, provoking a correction at the end of September. However, the pair is gradually returning to a relatively stable course. According to experts, a new round of risk appetite in the markets will save the EUR/USD pair from further decline. At the same time, experts expect a New Year rally on the US stock market and the growth of risky assets in the near future.

The material has been provided by InstaForex Company – www.instaforex.com


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